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Oncology

Oncology

It was Hippocrates who named the disease after the crab (cancer). According to the World Health Organization, cancer causes 20% of deaths in the European Region. With more than 3 million new cases and 1.7 million deaths each year, cancer is the most important cause of death and morbidity in Europe after cardiovascular diseases.

The three most common cancers among women are breast, lung and colorectal. The three most common cancers among men are prostate, lung and colorectal. Lung cancer is at the top of the list for cancer deaths in men and women.

The causes of carcinogenesis have been the object of extensive research works for a long time and the results are evident since at least 1/3 of the types of cancer can be treated. The prompt diagnosis, which constitutes a strong diagnostic indicator for the further course of the disease, is possible in more than 1/3 of the cases. Most of the types of cancer can be treated and some of them can be completely cured with surgery, chemotherapy or radiotherapy, especially when the therapy begins in time.

The chemotherapeutic medicinal products of all categories are developed rapidly not only as far as it concerns their efficiency but also their safety and tolerance profile, increasing life expectancy and life quality of the patients.

Bibliography:
WHO Int. Noncommunicable diseases

International Health Organizations:

American Society of Clinical Oncology

European Society of Medical Oncology

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