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Cardiovascular system

Cardiovascular System Diseases

Cardiovascular Diseases constitute the first cause of death worldwide. According to World Health Organization (WHO), on estimated 17.9 million people died from CVDs in 2016, representing 31% of all global deaths. Of these deaths, 85% are due to heart attack and stroke.

Cardiovascular Diseases (in a rate larger than 80% of the total) “strike” the underdeveloped or the developing countries in almost the same rates for men and women. Most of premature deaths could have been avoided if the patients had stopped smoking, had exercised regularly and had had a well-balanced diet.

Due to the extent of the problem, there is a constant progress in the field of medical therapies with the production of new and more effective drugs as well as the development of medical devices (pacemakers, prosthetic cardiac valves etc.) for the treatment of Cardiovascular System Diseases.

It has been demonstrated that after a heart attack, the risk of a new incident may decrease, combining medicinal products as statins (cholesterol-lowering), antihypertensive drugs (blood pressure-lowering) and aspirin.

Bibliography:
W.H.O., Cardiovascular Diseases

International Health Organizations:

European Society of Cardiology

European Atherosclerosis Society

European Society of Hypertension (ESH)

American Heart Association

American College of Cardiology

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